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The work ” Dating of governments kings of Israel and Judah (from death of Ahab to dip of Jerusalem)”.

This article was planned to issue due to the floating date of dip of Jerusalem: some explorers had determined that date 587 B.C another 586 B.C.. And also this article was planned in connection with a different interpretation of reigns of kings of Israel and Judah. A lot of explorers corrected that periods scarcely of each second king and any correction is a source of mistakes.  

During work on by the article appeared more serious problem: there is not conformity of chronologies of the history of different countries of Short-range east. Personally, the date 663 B.C. according to some explorers of Taharka's death is wrong and so this leads to mistakes of the history chronology of Assyria. It seemed, reliable and firm, a lot of times revised the Assyrian kings historical chronology has given malfunction in definition of duration of the Ashshur-ahha-iddin Assyrian king boarding. How long did he manage 12 or 13 years? 

Both V.Hince’s and G.Konig's hard mistakes in dating of Hatamti kings (Bible: Elam) showed there is no a reliable net in modern counting for some periods per I thousand B.C.. So, the task of revised of the historical chronology and binding it to nowadays was appeared.

In summary, the work devided on two parts and has left for frameworks of this article.

What we have done in the work. The historical chronology per I thousand B.C. has been newly revised from point of view of reliability of reference dates in a modern numeration of years. The analysis of conformity of the Limmu different lists to each other and to Assyrian kings. On it is foundation the precise dates of the Assyrian historical chronology per 859-630 B.C. were set up (according to events 859-663 B.C). Overwhelming majority from them were coincided with Generally accepted. Showed, that the year of the Ben-Hadada death and the date of Gasail had gotten an authority in Damask was not for 16th years but 14th B.C. Shulmanu-ashared III as accepted by majority. The inconsistencies of sources are reviewed according to duration of the Ashshur-ahha-iddin boarding. The conclusion was made: Ashshur-ahha-idien was the king officially of Babylon for 12 years and was the king of Assyria for 13 years long.

The date of Ashshur-bani-apal Assyrian king got the power was updated. The solution of a debatable problem of conformity of Babylon king Kandalanu to Assyrian king Ashshur-bani-apal  was offered and showed that they were different people.

The date of Ashshur-bani-apal Assyrian king got the power was updated. The solution of a debatable problem of conformity of Babylon king Kandalanu to Assyrian king Ashshur-bani-apal  was offered and showed that they were different people.

The reliable synchronization historical chronology between Egypt and Assyria of the end XXV - beginning XXVI of imperial houses of Egypt was conducted. The dates of boarding some kings of the Hatamty (Bible: Elam) were updated. Showed, that the kings the Judah Uzziah and his son Jotham divided the power for 15 years long and kings of Israel Shallum, Zahariah and the date the kings authority of Judah Jehoahaz and Jehoiakim were not set up.

The method of confrontation of antipode kings is applied for edification to the believer in the Bible: Hezekiah is a positive hero and Amaziah is negative due to the Amaziah boarding was artificially enlarged.

The historical chronology and activity of Jehoram king of  Judah and Menahem king of Israel was recovered. There was given new dates both Amaziah and Jehoram of Judah kings boarding and also Pekah and Jehoram of Israel kings to. The dates of boarding of kings of Israel Jehu, Jehoash and the empress Athaliah were updated. The generally accepted dates of the last kings of Judah (from Hezekiah) were confirmed. The Jerusalem had gorged per 587 B.C. was showed and also the reason of appearing the date was per 586 B.C.. The tables with the date of some governors of the rank of countries and it is binding to a modern numeration of years were given at the appendix of this article. 

The following chronology of board of kings of Judah is offered:

 

Jehoram  851-846 B.C.

Ahaziah  846-845

Athaliah  845-839

Jehoash  839-799

Amaziah  799-785

Uzziah  785-733

Jotham  748-732

Ahaz  732-716

Hezekiah  716-687

Manasseh  687-642

Amon  642-640

Josiah  640-609

Jehoahaz  609

Jehoiakim  609-598

Jeconiah  598

Zedekiah  598-587 B.C.

 

The following chronology of board of kings of Israel is offered:

 

Ahaziah  853-852

Jehoram  852-845

Jehu  845-818

Jehoahaz  818-802

Jehoash  802-785

Jeroboam  785-745

Zachariah  745

Shallum  745

Menahem  745-735

Pekahiah  735-733

Pekah  733-731

Hoshea  731-722

 


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